Caring for Your Child’s Baby Teeth: A Parent’s Guide to Early Dental Health

caring for your child's baby teeth a parent's guide to early dental health

When it comes to your child’s health, their baby teeth might not seem like a big deal. After all, they’re just going to fall out. But baby teeth play a crucial role in your child’s development.

They help with chewing and speaking and even guide the permanent teeth into place, so taking care of them is essential. 

Why Baby Teeth Matter

Baby teeth, also known as primary teeth, start appearing when your child is about six months old. These teeth will stay in your child’s mouth until they are around 12 years old. Some reasons why baby teeth are important:

  • Chewing and Eating: Baby teeth help your child chew food properly, which is important for nutrition and growth.
  • Speaking Clearly: Teeth are essential for pronouncing words correctly. Losing baby teeth too early can affect your child’s speech development.
  • Guiding Permanent Teeth: Baby teeth hold space in the jaw for permanent teeth. If baby teeth are lost too early, the permanent teeth may come in crooked.

The Basics of Baby Teeth Care

Taking care of your child’s baby teeth involves a few simple steps: cleaning the teeth, watching the diet, and visiting the dentist for kids near you regularly.

Cleaning Baby Teeth

Start cleaning your baby’s mouth even before the first tooth appears. Use a clean, damp cloth to wipe the gums gently. Once the first tooth appears, use a small, soft-bristled toothbrush with water. Outlined below are some guidelines for you to follow: 

  • For Babies: Use a soft cloth or a baby toothbrush with just water to clean the teeth and gums.
  • For Toddlers: Once your child is around two years old, you can start using a tiny amount of fluoride toothpaste, about the size of a grain of rice. Brush twice a day, in the morning and before bed.
  • For Older Kids: When your child can spit out toothpaste, usually around age three, you can use a pea-sized amount of fluoride toothpaste. Double-check that your kids brush twice a day, and that too for two minutes.

Watching the Diet

What your child eats and drinks affects their dental health.

  • Restrict Sugary Foods and Drinks: Excessive sugar can cause cavities. Try to limit sugary snacks and drinks like candies, cookies, soda, and even fruit juices.
  • Healthy Snacks: Offer healthy snacks like fruits, vegetables, cheese, and yogurt. Nutritious foods are good for teeth as well as overall health.
  • Drink Water: Encourage your child to drink water, especially between meals. Water helps wash away food particles and sugar that can cause cavities.

Visiting the Dentist

Regular dental visits are important for keeping your child’s teeth healthy.

  • First Dental Visit: Schedule your child’s first dental visit by their first birthday or when the first tooth appears, whichever comes first.
  • Regular Check-ups: Take your child for regular dental check-ups every six months. The dentist will check for cavities and other dental problems and give you advice on how to care for your child’s teeth.

Common Dental Problems in Children

Even with the best care, dental problems can still happen. Some prevalent smile issues include:

1. Cavities

Cavities, also known as tooth decay, are holes in the teeth caused by bacteria. To prevent and treat cavities:

  • Brush and Floss: Make sure your child brushes twice a day and flosses once a day.
  • Limit Sugar: Reduce the amount of sugary foods and drinks in your child’s diet.
  • Sealants: Talk to your dentist about sealants, which are protective coatings that cover the chewing surfaces of the back teeth.

2. Teething

Teething can be uncomfortable for babies. Noted below are some tips to help your child feel better:

  • Teething Rings: Give your child a cold (not frozen) teething ring to chew on.
  • Massage Gums: Gently rub your baby’s gums with a clean finger.
  • Pain Relief: If your child seems very uncomfortable, talk to your doctor about using a pain reliever.

3. Thumb Sucking

Many children suck their thumbs, which can be comforting. However, prolonged thumb-sucking can affect dental health. Here’s what to do:

  • Encourage Other Comforts: Offer a blanket or a stuffed animal for comfort instead.
  • Positive Reinforcement: Appreciate your child for not practicing thumb-sucking.
  • Talk to the Dentist: If thumb sucking continues past age five, consult your dentist for advice.

Teaching Good Dental Habits

Teaching your child good dental habits early on will help them maintain a healthy smile for life. Here’s how to encourage good habits:

Make Brushing Fun

Turn brushing into a fun activity with these ideas:

  • Brush Together: Brush your teeth with your child to show them how it’s done.
  • Use a Timer: Set a timer for two minutes to make sure they brush long enough. You can also use a fun toothbrushing app.
  • Choose Fun Supplies: Let your child pick out their toothbrush and toothpaste. Choose ones with their favourite characters or colours.

Reward Good Behaviour

Positive reinforcement can encourage your child to keep up with good habits. Here are some reward ideas:

  • Sticker Chart: Create a sticker chart to track brushing and flossing. Give a small reward for a week of good dental care.
  • Praise: Give lots of praise and encouragement for brushing and flossing regularly.

Lead by Example

Children learn by watching their parents. Make sure you’re setting a good example:

  • Brush and Floss Daily: Show your child that you brush and floss every day.
  • Visit the Dentist: Let your child see that you go for regular dental check-ups, too.


Caring for your child’s baby teeth is an important part of their overall health. By cleaning their teeth, watching their diet, visiting your dentist in Duncan regularly, and teaching good hygiene habits, you can help your child develop a healthy smile that will last a lifetime. 

Remember, it’s never too early to start  and every small step helps keep those tiny teeth healthy and strong. Come into Cowichan Valley Dental today for consultation. See you soon!